Symptoms & Diagnosis

The process of identifying a disease, condition, or injury from its signs and symptoms. A health history, physical exam, and tests, such as blood tests, imaging tests, and biopsies, may be used to help make a diagnosis.

 

Symptoms

  1. Chest pain, chest tightness, chest pressure and chest discomfort (angina)
  2. Shortness of breath.
  3. Heart Palpitations
  4. Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper belly area or back.
  5. Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in the legs or arms if the blood vessels in those body areas are narrowed.
  6. Light headedness and syncope.

Risk factors for heart disease include:

  1. Growing older increases the risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and a weakened or thickened heart muscle.
  2. Men are generally at greater risk of heart disease. The risk for women increases after menopause.
  3. Family history. A family history of heart disease increases the risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a parent developed it at an early age (before age 55 for a male relative, such as your brother or father, and 65 for a female relative, such as your mother or sister).
  4. If you smoke, quit. Substances in tobacco smoke damage the arteries. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in nonsmokers. If you need help quitting, talk to your health care provider about strategies that can help.
  5. Unhealthy diet. Diets high in fat, salt, sugar and cholesterol have been linked to heart disease.
  6. High blood pressure. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can cause the arteries to become hard and thick. These changes interrupt blood flow to the heart and body.
  7. High cholesterol. Having high cholesterol increases the risk of atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis has been linked to heart attacks and strokes.
  8. Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease. Obesity and high blood pressure increase the risk of diabetes and heart disease.
  9. Excess weight typically worsens other heart disease risk factors.
  10. Lack of exercises. Being inactive (sedentary lifestyle) is associated with many forms of heart disease and some of its risk factors, too.
  11. Unrelieved stress may damage the arteries and worsen other risk factors for heart disease.
  12. Poor dental health. It’s important to brush and floss your teeth and gums often. Also get regular dental checkups. Unhealthy teeth and gums makes it easier for germs to enter the bloodstream and travel to the heart. This can cause endocarditis.
Doctor performs chest ultrasound on man in hospital room. Examination of the heart and vessels concept
Echocardiogram
man-doing-fitness-test-exercise-bike
Exercise cardiac stress test
Your treatment plan is designed for steady progress, with every phase promptly implemented.

Diagnostics

Echocardiography 

Implantable Cardiac Monitor (ICM) 

Treadmill stress testing

Transoesophageal echocardiogram (TOE)

Pacemaker checks

Electrophysiology

Holter monitoring

Aortic stenosis

Procedures

Diagnostic coronary angiography

Percutaneous coronary angioplasty

Implantable loop monitor

Transesophageal echocardiogram (TOE)

External electrical cardioversion

Dobutamine / treadmill stress echocardiogram

Procedures

Blood pressure test

A blood pressure test measures the pressure in the arteries as the heart pumps. A blood pressure test may be done as a part of a routine health checkup or as a screening for high blood pressure (hypertension).

Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)

An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) records the electrical signal from the heart to check for different heart conditions. Electrodes are placed on the chest to record the heart's electrical signals, which cause the heart to beat. The signals are shown as waves on an attached computer monitor or printer.

Exercise cardiac stress test

In an exercise stress test, sensors (electrodes) taped to the chest record the heart's rhythm. A health care provider monitors the heartbeat while the person walks on a treadmill or pedals a stationary bike. A stress test usually takes about an hour, including both prep time and the time it takes to do the actual test.

CT scan

A CT scan uses X-rays to view specific areas of your body. These scans use safe amounts of radiation to create detailed images, which can help your doctor to detect any problems. A heart, or cardiac, CT scan is used to view your heart and blood vessels.

Medical Director

CONSULTING DOCTOR CARDIOLOGY, INTERVENTIONAL CARDIOLOGY
Dr Khawaja Hussain

Departments

Keep Your Heart Healthy

Heart  disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States. Take steps today to lower your risk of heart disease.
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